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A Brief Study of Middleware Technologies: Programming Applications and Management Systems | Chapter 15 | Novel Research Aspects in Mathematical and Computer Science Vol. 1

  Many platforms, services, applications, hardware, and operating systems are connected through the middleware layer. Because the middleware layer abstracts much low-level complexity and makes applications and software systems portable, it allows disparate systems to interface and function together in harmony. Middleware technologies enable software engineers to swiftly construct software systems and applications, allowing developers to focus on more important tasks. This chapter examines several types of middleware systems and discusses middleware capabilities, middleware operation, middleware's function in cloud-based systems, and the best middleware platforms to use. Middleware systems are widely utilised and can be found in practically any software system or application. Middleware programmes provide as a link between many sorts of systems and protocols. They serve as a mechanism for various systems. To successfully exchange information, it runs on a variety of operating system
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Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous Ketamine Anaesthesia in a Suburban Nigerian Hospital | Chapter 10 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

  The goal of this retrospective study was to highlight intravenous ketamine use in a general practise hospital in Auchi, Nigeria. Case records of all patients who were operated on using intravenous ketamine were collected and significant data was taken for the study from January 1994 to January 2014. A total of 1,370 patients were operated on, including 463 (33.8%) major operations and 907 (66.2%) intermediate/minor procedures. Males (725 [53.0 percent]) were operated on more than females (725 [53.0 percent]) (645 [47.0 percent ]). Side events included transitory hypertension with moderate tachycardia, postoperative disorientation and confusion, emergent delirium, and priapism in 31 people. Intravenous ketamine anaesthesia has been demonstrated to have high clinical efficacy and safety in these patients. Author(S) Details G. B. S. Iyalomhe Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics,Faculty of Clinical Sciences,College of Medicine ,Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria. S. I.

A Prospective Study about Safety and Efficacy of Perioperative Lidocaine Infusion | Chapter 09 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

 Opioids cause clinically significant side effects such as respiratory depression, immunosuppression, muscle rigidity, negative inotropism, nausea, vomiting, hyperalgesia, urine retention, postoperative ileus, and drowsiness. Perioperative opioids are a major contributor to the United States' and other countries' opioid epidemics. Non-opioid analgesics, particularly lidocaine, are becoming more common for perioperative use as a result of this. A total of 185 adult patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: control group I (105 patients) [fentanyl group] or group ii (80 patients) [opioid-free anaesthesia group]. Lidocaine 1.5 mg/kg bolus followed by 1.5 mg/kg/h infusion intraoperatively, and 1.5-2 mg/kg/h infusion for 2-8 hours postoperatively were given to patients in both groups at anaesthetic induction. Intraoperatively, both groups received analgesic adjuvants such as diclofenac 75 mg, paracetamol 1 gm, and mgso4 30-50 mg/kg. If the mean arterial pressure (map)

Patients’ Perspective of Acute Post-operative Pain Management: A Multicentre Survey of Tertiary Hospitals in Maharashtra, India | Chapter 08 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

 When postoperative pain is adequately controlled, patients' satisfaction and patient-related outcomes (PROs) increase. Understanding the patients' perspective is crucial since it supports in the formulation of improvement strategies. Because wrong attitudes and assumptions might block pain alleviation, patients' attitudes and beliefs are critical. As a result, a multicenter study of patients' attitudes, beliefs, experiences, and satisfaction levels with acute postoperative pain management was done in Maharashtra's tertiary hospitals. In addition, the responses were examined to evaluate if the Acute Pain Service (APS) resulted in improved patient outcomes and satisfaction. A 13-item questionnaire adapted from previous studies was used to capture patients' experiences with postoperative pain treatment. The responses of 179 patients are included in the study. The findings revealed that 91.6 percent of patients experienced postoperative pain, with 75.5 percent

A Case Report on Delayed Diagnosis of Glioblastoma | Chapter 07 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

  The clinical and radiological indications of a concomitant tumour may be hidden by the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm. The goal of this study is to raise awareness about the dangers of delayed diagnosis by recounting the case of a patient who had a subarachnoid haemorrhage that hid the presence of a glioblastoma for several months. Only a few similar cases have been recorded in the literature: The therapy of two recent severe neurosurgical illnesses is discussed in this article. Author(S) Details Gabriele Ronchetti Department of Neurosurgery, Ospedale San Giovanni Bosco, ASL Cittá di Torino, Italy. Carlo Giussani Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca, via Pergolesi 33, 20900, Monza, Italy. View Book:-

Scientific values of ECA Ligation | Chapter 06 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

  Previously, carotid artery ligation was done as an emergency procedure to stop severe haemorrhages in the head and neck. Despite this, it was abandoned because to high patient mortality and morbidity. However, ECA ligation, a more selective branch of the carotid artery, has been popular for the same goal in recent decades due to the lack of or modest postsurgical problems compared to Transarterial embolization (TAE). However, a good surge seal pack, especially in the maxilla, is occasionally required to regulate both collateral circulation and backflow of blood from the internal carotid arteries distal to the carotid arteries (ICA). ECA ligation, on the other hand, might be a superior alternative for controlling life-threatening uncontrolled bleeding in this area. Author(S) Details Jachmen Sultana Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dhaka Dental College and Hospital, Bangladesh. Abul Bashar Department of Paediatrics, Comilla Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh.

Ethnopharmacological Survey among Traditional Medicine Practitioners in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) for the Management of Pathologies such as Malaria, ENT Diseases, Diarrhea, Typhoid Fever and Anemia | Chapter 05 | New Horizons in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 8

 Traditional Medicine Practitioners (TMPs) of Côte d'Ivoire are familiar with the therapeutic herbs. Medicinal plants have been shown to be useful in the treatment of common diseases such as malaria (KROA, 2004) and diabetes (N'GUESSAN et al, 2013) in several studies and scientific study. In the Abidjan District, the current policy is to integrate traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia into the national health system in order to improve population health coverage, particularly in the management of commonly encountered diseases such as malaria, ENT diseases, diarrhoea, typhoid fever, and anaemia. This research aims to increase the use of traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia in the national health system. Over the course of three months, fifty (50) PMTs in the District of Abidjan participated in this study. Plant therapists accounted for 30 of the 50 PMTs polled at the end of the study, or 60%. Traditional medicine centres use 61 types of medicinal plants from 36 famili