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Empowerment and Leader Member Exchange towards Organizational Citizenship Behavior Readiness among Government Workforce in Malaysia | Book Publisher International

  State agencies are among the most significant entities that represent the public's needs, and their programmes are essential to a state's and the nation's economic growth and development. State agencies have been rife by public concerns for years, as demonstrated by the Public Complaints Bureau, as problems of inefficiency in service quality and delivery have yet to meet the public's standards. With the support of 15 employees from state agencies on Malaysia's east coast, this study aims to achieve three targets. The first and second objectives are to investigate the ties between leader-member exchange (LMX) and OCB empowerment. The final aim is to define the most significant factors that affect OCB willingness. A total of 288 people took part in the survey, which was conducted using a cluster sampling process. The survey items had achieved the necessary reliability, according to the pilot test results, and some sub-dimensions were renamed after factor analysis.
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Health Psychology: From Theory to Practice (A Practical Guide for Applied Health Psychologists and Students) | Book Publisher International

In the field of health psychology, the convergence of science, theory, and experience is important. For both clinicians and trainees, the ability to perform and understand research, test theories, analyse methods and theoretical models, and then apply these results to clinical practise is as critical as it is difficult. The aim of this book is to include some helpful guidance on how to perform evidence-based practise in various settings and using various methods. The biopsychosocial model, which is at the core of Health Psychology, is also explored, as well as its role in health and illness. The book delves into topics like stress and pain management, as well as critical current health concerns like stigma and the role of health care practitioners in public health promotion. Since health psychology is a relatively new discipline with a wide variety of applications, we hope that this book will provide students, trainees, and clinicians with a good understanding of the field as well as

The Responsibility of Community Partnership in Financial Supporting for Scientific Research | Chapter 6 | Insights into Economics and Management Vol. 6

  The growth of economies is based on the amount of money spent on scientific research; to understand this, look at the percentage of money spent on scientific research in many developed countries. So, scientific research expenses account for 3.013 percent of overall expenditures in Iraq, 2.63 percent in the United States, 1.97 percent in China, and 0.96 percent in South Africa, although there is no clear budget for scientific research in Iraq. Scientific research is an attempt to solve a problem, whether it is an intellectual, scientific, or philosophical problem, by submitting alternative scenarios or hypotheses that eventually result in added value. This added value would support many facets of society, including agriculture, manufacturing, serving goods, and serving the wellbeing of every society, as seen in the early months of 2020. This study focuses on the importance of community collaborations in promoting research and development in research institutes for the purpose of servi

Level of Impact of Tourism Development with Participatory Planning in Indonesia Tourism | Chapter 5 | Insights into Economics and Management Vol. 6

  In the last 20 years, participatory planning has become a common planning process. Participatory planning aids efficient growth in developing countries with wide areas, such as Indonesia, by providing direction on the independence of tourism development activities. By observing literature reviews from many previous studies, this study used a qualitative approach. The position of participatory planning is divided into three categories in this study: concepts, empowerment, and community involvement. The group only adds ideas to the growth agenda when it comes to engagement in ideas. At the level of empowerment, the community contributes to the growth of human capital and community engagement, allowing them to contribute to the advancement of the community's economy. Furthermore, a community serves as an agency that oversees the management of attractions and the upkeep of facilities in order to facilitate tourism growth. Author (s) Details Boby Rahman Affiliation Urban Regional

Urban Vacationers Motivation in Visiting Spa and Wellness Centre | Chapter 4 | Insights into Economics and Management Vol. 6

  Visiting spas and health tourism centres has become a new social trend among Malaysian health tourists. Facts show that the number of spas and health centres is rising year after year, and that safe lifestyle habits are generally recognised around the world. Individual health and well-being issues are one of the main factors pushing the spa and health industries out of business. The aim of this chapter is to review the research on the factors that affect tourists' desire to visit spa and health tourism destinations. According to research, there would be a strong link between relaxation and relief, health and beauty, escape and self-development, and tourist motivation. The findings of this study are expected to fill a void in the literature by expanding existing information on Spa motivation and educating the public about skilled service delivery. Author (s) Details Dr. Nik Alif Amri Nik Hashim Faculty of Hospitality, Tourism and Wellness, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia

Prospective Tourists’ Cognitive Image Prone to Safety and Security Destination | Chapter 3 | Insights into Economics and Management Vol. 6

  Tourists and the tourism industry both need protection and security. The nature and level of safety and security associated with the destination is one aspect that affects travel intentions. The picture of a globally known important destination is also used as a key factor for local tourists when selecting a vacation destination, according to tourism literature. The main aim of this research is to decide which cognitive image dimensions influence tourists' willingness to visit Sabah. A total of 362 questionnaires were provided to prospective foreign tourists who had never visited Sabah previously. The sample profile was defined using descriptive analysis. The basic dimensions of the cognitive image were established using exploratory factor analysis. Natural environment, appealing behaviours, desirable situations, and critical state are the four key dimensions of the cognitive picture defined using this approach. Based on the findings, recommendations are made for developing strat

Studying the Perception of Environmental Effects of Weedicide Use in Oil Palm Production by Farmers in Denkyembour District, Ghana | Chapter 2 | Insights into Economics and Management Vol. 6

  Weeds have always been and will continue to be a major issue in oil palm production, especially in young fields. Weed management activities, understanding, and perceptions of the effects of weedicide use on the environment were examined among oil palm farmers. The information was gathered from oil palm farmers in the Denkyembour District of Ghana's Eastern Region. A total of 130 private and independent small-scale oil palm farmers were deliberately selected and interviewed from the communities. For this study, the purposive sampling technique was used to classify farmers who use herbicides on their farms. The farmers' data was obtained using an interview schedule. The knowledge obtained was analysed using descriptive statistics. Farmers used a wide range of weedicides, according to the results. The respondents displayed a high degree of understanding of the risks associated with weedicide use. Glyphosate-based weedicides were used by the majority of respondents (92%) for herb