State agencies are among the most significant entities that represent the public's needs, and their programmes are essential to a state's and the nation's economic growth and development. State agencies have been rife by public concerns for years, as demonstrated by the Public Complaints Bureau, as problems of inefficiency in service quality and delivery have yet to meet the public's standards. With the support of 15 employees from state agencies on Malaysia's east coast, this study aims to achieve three targets. The first and second objectives are to investigate the ties between leader-member exchange (LMX) and OCB empowerment. The final aim is to define the most significant factors that affect OCB willingness. A total of 288 people took part in the survey, which was conducted using a cluster sampling process. The survey items had achieved the necessary reliability, according to the pilot test results, and some sub-dimensions were renamed after factor analysis.
In the field of health psychology, the convergence of science, theory, and experience is important. For both clinicians and trainees, the ability to perform and understand research, test theories, analyse methods and theoretical models, and then apply these results to clinical practise is as critical as it is difficult. The aim of this book is to include some helpful guidance on how to perform evidence-based practise in various settings and using various methods. The biopsychosocial model, which is at the core of Health Psychology, is also explored, as well as its role in health and illness. The book delves into topics like stress and pain management, as well as critical current health concerns like stigma and the role of health care practitioners in public health promotion. Since health psychology is a relatively new discipline with a wide variety of applications, we hope that this book will provide students, trainees, and clinicians with a good understanding of the field as well as