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Showing posts from April, 2024

Greening Regional Airports: A Vision for Carbon Neutral Infrastructure | Chapter 12 | Contemporary Perspective on Science, Technology and Research Vol. 3

 This study provides an overview of the energy demand of a regional airport, divided into individual time horizons. The electrification of aircraft systems raises the question of whether airports will be among the largest electricity consumers in our infrastructure in the future. Sustainability and especially emission reductions are significant challenges for airports that are currently being addressed. The Clean Sky 2 project GENESIS addresses the environmental sustainability of hybrid-electric 50-passenger aircraft systems in a life cycle perspective to support the development of a technology roadmap for the transition to sustainable and competitive electric aircraft systems. This article originates from the GENESIS research and describes various options for ground power supply at a regional airport. Potential solutions for airport infrastructure with a short (2030), medium (2040), and long (2050) time horizon are proposed. In addition to the environmental and conservation benefits,

Occipital Dermal Sinus Tract Causing Craniospinal Infection: A Review | Chapter 13 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  Dermal sinus is a rare congenital condition characterized by a pathological tract connecting the skin to deeper tissues of the central nervous system, potentially leading to severe infectious complications. It arises from a failure in the separation of ectodermal layers during early gestation. Diagnosing dermal sinus tract in newborns requires a careful physical examination, focusing on midline dimples in the occipital region associated with cutaneous abnormalities like hairy nevus or hyperpigmentation. The presence of drainage, abnormal hair distribution, or localized swelling may indicate a sinus tract. Regular examination for dimples or sinuses is recommended for infants and children with recurrent meningitis or infections. Early detection is crucial to prevent severe complications like meningitis, with Staphylococcus aureus being a common causative organism. Neuroradiological studies, including computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with histopatholog

Alkali Element Modification of Glucose Molecules as a Method to Dissolve Cancer Cells | Chapter 12 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  The present study highlights about alkali element modification of glucose molecules as a method to dissolve cancer cells. The central regulation of the mechanisms governing cell proliferation has little effect on cancer cells. Cancer cells are entirely independent of the central command and divide and proliferate on their own, making it challenging to activate their response mechanism. Precisely, this is the reason why they are at risk to the health of humans and/or any biological entities. Instead of trying to reconnect the central command of the growth control mechanism to cancer cells that are already out of the range, we present a method of using the cancer cell’s own irresponsive and uncontrolled growth mechanism to their disadvantage and destroy the cancer cells. We found that this is achievable in an atomic/molecular level study of the glucose molecule, which is the primary food source used for growth and energy generation by all cells in the body, including the cancer cells.

Management of Hemorrhagic Shock According to the Revised “Physiological Classification” - Update 2024 | Chapter 11 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

 Hemorrhagic shock management is based on a timely, rapid, definitive source control of bleeding/s and on blood loss replacement. Stopping the hemorrhage progressing from any named and visible vessel is the main stem fundamental praxis of therapeutic efficacy, ultimately an essential, obligatory, life-saving step. Blood loss replacement serves mainly the purpose of preventing ischemia/reperfusion toxemia and optimizing tissue oxygenation and microcirculation dynamics. The “revised physiological classification” is the only classification that suits timely intervention, tactics like titrated hypotensive resuscitation and iatrogenic vasoconstriction, and strategies like titrated-to-response anesthesia and damage control surgery. Timing and approach to management should follow the classification, from onset of the hemorrhage to cardiac arrest by exsanguination. In hypotensive shock, the body’s response to a fluid load test is the diriment cut-off information to have for distinguishing betw

A Multi-factorial Analysis of the Factors Affecting Elementary Students’ Interest in Physical Education Considering Students’ Ethnicity and Gender | Chapter 5 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  Background: Student attitudes toward education are of great concern to educators around the world. Fostering Student’s positive interest in physical education is of great concern in academia. More importantly, the rationale as to why one would maintain a positive interest in physical education is of concern. These topics have been widely researched. However, the comparison of gender and ethnicity as it relates to students’ interest in physical education is a novel investigation. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the relationship between elementary student’s interest in physical education considering gender, ethnicity, curricular and teacher influences, and student’s perceived competency. Methods: Participants included 99 fifth-grade elementary school students (62 males, 37 females). Participant selection was conducted by utilizing 6 intact physical education classes from a single culturally diverse elementary school. Racial and ethnic distribution for fifth graders consi

Risk Factors for Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders. A Review of the Literature | Chapter 8 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors for the development of postpartum psychiatric disorders through international literature. Materials and Methods: Throughout many articles in PubMed, Google scholar and PsycInfo, a great amount of recent data was gathered to identify the disorders that are most common as well as their risk factors. Results: After childbirth, most commonly women experience postpartum depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and postpartum psychosis. All the disorders have many similar risk-factors with the main one being preexisting psychiatric disorder and many similar symptoms too. Conclusions: Women after childbirth are at risk of experience many psychiatric disorders, such as postpartum distress, postpartum post traumatic stress disorder and even more rarely postpartum psychosis. It is important to provide comprehensive support to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the infant and this will be en

Diagnosis and Management of Scrapie in Post Mortem Goats by Immunohistochemistry | Chapter 6 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  The main objective of this study was to contribute to the annual passive surveillance for this pathology, since the goats are a species considered reservoir for the prion. A class of pathologies known as Transmissible Spongiform Illnesses (TSEs), which affect both humans and animals, includes scrapie, a neurological disease with a slow and deadly course that affects sheep, goats, and mouflons. Given that Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is the globally accepted technique for identifying classical scrapie in goats—a species thought to be a potential zoonotic disease reservoir. Chile in relation to Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), is classified as a disease-free country. Scrapie is actively monitored for the sheep, but passively for the caprine species, which is why this study was carried out in slaughtered goats in the central north of the country (IV Region), to provide information to the surveillance system for this disease. Fifty brains of goats older than 2 years were used, regar

Misunderstanding of ATP Involvement in Stages of Inflammation | Chapter 4 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  Inflammation is the description of the metabolic imbalance in any tissue describing the different three stages till it ends in the development of scarring. Inflammation starts with a changed relationship of ATP/ADP. Here, the different stages of inflammation and the ATP levels are investigated. But this view means to accept that ATP is not a danger signal as commonly reported,1,2,3,4but instead ATP is necessary in signaling homeostasis in the capillary system and tissues. Even if some of the references are seemingly old, they are still valid and newer publications promote the former misinterpretations. Author(s) Details: Gerd Wasser, Prof. H. C. Henan University, Kaifeng, PR China and Franz-Marc-Str. 12, Neukirchen-Vluyn, Deutschland, 47506, Germany. Please see the link here:

Determination of Antibiotic Resistance Phenotypes and Genotypes in E. coli Isolates in Pigs in West Romanian Grower Farms | Chapter 2 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  The present study investigated genes normally associated with plasmid carriage in terms of differential phenotypic resistance profiles and evaluated the contribution of selected resistance genes to the phenotypic expression of susceptibility and resistance. Antibiotics are widely used for prophylaxis and therapy, reducing morbidity and mortality produced by bacterial pathogensin pigs, including infections caused by Escherichia coli. Differential phenotypic susceptibility profiles and the contribution of resistance genes to phenotypic expression of susceptibility or resistance were evaluated. A total of 76 E. coli isolates were identified and confirmed by the MicroScan Walk Away System. The occurrence of four resistance genes, ampC, blaZ, blaTEM and tetK in strains resistant to 13 antibiotics was assessed. Of the E. coli isolates, 0% showed resistance to meropenem, 3.9% to tigecycline and 10.5% to piperacillin / tazobactam, whereas, in contrast, 100% were resistant to ampicillin and m

Case Study of a Rare Disease Sphenochoanal Polyp | Chapter 3 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  Sphenochoanal polyp is a rare form of choanal polyp that originates from the sphenoid sinus and extends to the posterior choanae via sphenoethmoidal recess. Its occurrence is extremely rare. The polyp was found to attach to the junction of the lateral wall and floor of the sphenoid. They can be easily mistaken for antrochoanal polyps. Symptomatically, it is similar to an antrochoanal polyp. So, adequate preoperative evaluation with diagnostic nasal endoscopy and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is necessary for correct diagnosis and planning of appropriate surgical procedures. Surgical resection is the treatment modality of choice. We here present a case of sphenochoanal polyp along with a review of the literature. A 27-year-old female presented in OPD with the complaint of right-side nasal obstruction for two years with mouth breathing and snoring for one year. Her anterior rhinoscopy examination was normal, but on diagnostic endoscopic examination, a pale whitish p

Comparative Analysis of Anesthesia Induction in Red-Eared Sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans) by Two Different Administration Routes and Doses of Ketamine and Medetomidine | Chapter 9 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

 The growing popularity of turtles as pets has led to increased demand for veterinary care for these animals. Reptile anesthesia can be challenging, and ketamine in combination with medetomidine administered intramuscularly or intravenously can lead to superficial anesthesia. This study aimed to assess the efficiency of ketamine and medetomidine by two different doses and routes on anesthesia depth and cardiac stability in red-eared sliders. The study was conducted at the Veterinary Faculty – University of Sarajevo. Each turtle was anesthetized two times, with seven days wash-out period. Induction of anesthesia consisted of a bolus combination of ketamine (10 mg/kg) and medetomidine (0.2 mg/kg) administered in the left brachial biceps in the intramuscular protocol, or a bolus combination of ketamine (20 mg/kg) and medetomidine (0.2 mg/kg) administered in subcarapacial sinus after clear blood presence confirmation in the intravenous protocol. Vital signs, reaction on the skin palpatio

Prevalence of Depression and its Relationship with Socio Demographic Characteristics and Chronic Diseases | Chapter 1 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

 Background: Depression is a common health problem among the general population and is responsible for the deterioration of person’s abilities and daily activities. It has been estimated that depression affects approximately 121 million people around the globe regardless of religion, race, age, or gender. Major depressive disorder is a common, chronic, and costly condition for which people seek most of the care from primary care physicians.   Objectives: The present study aims at finding the prevalence of depression and its relationship with socio demographic characteristics and chronic diseases.   Methods: The present institution based cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 120 females in Hail city of Saudi Arabia. The sample was randomly selected from all the colleges of University of Hail, Saudi Arabia. For the purpose of data collection general questionnaire about the participants’ socio-demographic characteristics and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)

Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Acute Lower Respiratory Infections | Chapter 7 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

 Acute Lower Respiratory Infections (ALRI) is the leading cause of death in children worldwide, particularly in underdeveloped nations where the incidence is over 10 times greater in children who have an age younger than 5 years old. Multiple in vitro studies have demonstrated the function of vitamin D in facilitating and controlling immune response by interacting with the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between vitamin D receptor polymorphism and ALRI. Methods: The study examined three vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms (FokI, TaqI, ApaI) using the PCR-RFLP technique in 78 hospital cases of acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). These patients were then compared to 75 age and sex matched apparently healthy children below the age of five. Additionally, serum levels of vitamin D were assessed. Results: The presence of the TaqI tt genotype and the independent t allele were demonstrated to provide a substantial protection

Giant Lipoma Over Thigh: A Rare Case Presentation | Chapter 10 | New Visions in Medicine and Medical Science Vol. 4

  This is a case report of a large swelling over the posteromedial aspect of the right thigh, which progressively increased over a period of 10 months. Lipoma is the most common benign soft tissue tumor. It can be of variable size, but it is mostly slow-growing, mobile, and of soft mass. Most lipomas are small, often measuring less than two centimeters in diameter and weighing only a few grams We report a case of a 52-years old patient from Bargarh, Odisha, came to Surgery OPD with the chief complaint of swelling over the right thigh over a period of 10 months ago. An MRI showed the swelling to be in the subcutaneous plane. Several core needle biopsies showed the presence of fat necrosis with calcification. Excision of the swelling was carried out, which showed on histopathological examination as lipoma. Lipomas can have varied presentations, and in this case, they masqueraded as an accessory breast. Author(s) Details: Abhishek Soham Satpathy, Department of Surgery, S.C.B Medical

Exploring Life: A Journey through Zoogeography| Book Publisher International

  "Exploring Life: A Journey through Zoogeography" delves into the intricate tapestry of the Earth's fauna, examining the distribution patterns of animal species and the underlying ecological and evolutionary processes that shape them. Through captivating narratives and insightful analyses, this book embarks on a journey across continents, islands, and oceans, exploring the dynamic interactions between organisms and their environments. From the lush rainforests of the Amazon to the icy expanses of the Arctic, each chapter unravels the mysteries of biogeography, shedding light on the interconnectedness of life on our planet. With a blend of scientific rigor and accessible prose, "Exploring Life" offers a comprehensive exploration of zoogeography, enriching our understanding of the diversity of life and the forces that drive its distribution. Author(s) Details: Nayan K. Prasad, Department of Zoology, RRM Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. Kumari Shachi, D

AI and Healthcare: Opportunities and Challenges| Book Publisher International

 In the dynamic world of healthcare, a revolutionary transformation is underway, heralded by the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This book delves deep into the essence of AI, beginning with a comprehensive introduction that demystifies what AI truly is, clarifies the distinction between AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning, and provides a handy AI Keyword Glossary for easy understanding. As we journey through the history of AI, we encounter the AI boom, marking a pivotal shift in how technology influences our lives.   Venturing into the Marvelous World of AI, we explore its capabilities in learning, vision, and language understanding, alongside a deep dive into AI systems, architecture, and the intricacies of designing an AI product. The narrative then transitions into AI's profound influence on various industries, with a special focus on healthcare. Through an overview of global healthcare systems, the book lays the groundwork for understanding the fundamental

A Comprehensive Overview of Economic Zoology: Implications for Agriculture, Medicine, and Conservation| Book Publisher International

  "A Comprehensive Overview of Economic Zoology: Implications for Agriculture, Medicine, and Conservation " offers a comprehensive examination of the intricate relationship between zoological sciences and key sectors like agriculture, medicine, and conservation. This interdisciplinary exploration delves into the diverse roles of animals in these fields, from their impact on agricultural productivity to their significance in medical research and conservation efforts. Through a systematic analysis, the book elucidates the interconnections between ecological dynamics, animal biology, and human activities, emphasizing the crucial implications for sustainable development and biodiversity conservation. Key themes include the utilization of animals in pest management strategies, the discovery of medicinal compounds derived from diverse fauna, and the conservation challenges posed by human-animal interactions. By synthesizing research from various disciplines, this book serves as a v