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Analysis of the Nature of Photon Based on Particle-Wave Structure, Size, Unification of Duality | Chapter 07 | Advances and Trends in Physical Science Research Vol. 1

Photon has many basic properties, such as  , spin ,…, wave particle duality and so on. But, what structure, what mechanism can make the photon having such basic properties? This work is a proof of that the quantisation of electromagnetic energy is actually the result of Maxwell theory itself.

The object of the study is a slim ordinary symmetrical electromagnetic wave beam. The study does not presuppose it having any relation with the photon and quantisation. The study aims to find out the properties of the symmetrical wave beam. Based on the experimental evidences, well known theories and theoretical reasoning, the study has proved that the beam is composed of an (energy)  -packet and a closely connected (electromagnetic)  -wave.   -packet is a slim circular polarized light wave wrapped by a cylindrical side membrane. Helical structure of E,H plus speed c do make the   -packet itself to have a lot of basic properties that are almost as same as the photon’s like  , spin  ..., include photon size. Combination of  -packet and  -wave makes the train having both particle property and wave property at the same time, not “exhibit different characters for different phenomenon”. They play role together in the processes of radiation, absorption and diffraction [1,2].  Such combination can be reasonably treated as a photon and vise versa.

On the basis of Maxwell theory and the principle of charges quantisation, the study proved that for any specific frequency, a slim symmetrical electromagnetic wave beam of minimum energy is composted of (energy)  -packet and (electromagnetic)  -wave.   -packet is a wave train of length L and covered by a side membrane of special material. The train possesses basic characters as the photon:   , spin  , duality, … and satisfies the Maxwell (Schrodinger) equation.

Analysis of the pair production shows that the symmetry will make the charged elementary particles produced possess the spiral structure of mass. It give the possibility to find out the spin mechanism and other important properties of the charged elementary particles [1,2]. 

The study proves the existence of photon trains in the stimulated emission.

Biography of author(s)

Sen Nian Chen
Department of Physics, Huaqiao University (National), Fujian, P.R. China.


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