Skip to main content

Ethical Challenges of Biobanks and Pathology Research in Egypt | Chapter 03 | Current Trends in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 4

Background: Biobanking today plays a key tool in biomedical research. Establishment and proper running of biobanks in developing countries is confronted with a number of challenges of legal, ethical, and financial nature. Considering that there are no guidelines or regulations to control biobanking in Egypt;  major  ethical  issues  arise  and  are  often  managed  by  research  ethics  committees  (RECs). Pathologists are the custodians of tissue samples in different universities and hospitals; they have an important role in advancement of scientific research. So, they have to equip themselves adequately to manage the evolution of pathology work towards integration of biomarker analysis in clinical research and to deal with the ethical and legal issues of biobanks in Egypt.

Objective/Aim: The  purpose  of  this  review  is  to  highlight  the  current  situation  of  human  tissue research and biobanking in Egyptwith Comparative policy of other countries. We will address the role of pathologists and the difficulties and challenges facing the process of initiating biobanks and give some recommendations that might help different stakeholders for establishing biobanks in Egypt.

Conclusion: Egypt is one of the developing countries which are in need to implement biobanks to improve  the  quality  of  research.  The  review  highlights  the  different  challenges  facing  biobanks  in Egypt, mainly: lack of legislations, consent form, public trust, tissue transfer and commercialization. It also discuss the role of pathologists and research ethics committees in establishing and maintaining the work in these biobanks; and to make every effort for the interests of the participants, community and scientific progress, hopefully for good future of biomedical research in Egypt.

Author(s) Details

Professor Dr. Wafaa El-Sayed Abdel-Aal
Department of Pathology, Medical Division, Clinical Trial Unit, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Prof. Dr. Naglaa Fathy Abbas
Department of Pathology, Medical Division, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Prof. Dr. Sonia Labib Abd El-Fattah El-Sharkawy
Department of Pathology, Medical Division, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Prof. Dr. Manal Abd El-Magied Badawi
Department  of  Pathology,  Medical  Division,  Medical  Research  Ethics  Committee,  National  Research  Centre  (NRC),  Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/ctmmr/v4

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Consensus Summit: Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population | Chapter 09 | Current Trends in Food Science Vol. 1

Aims: To issue a consensus statement on Lipids and Cardiovascular Health and the impact of their interrelationship in Nigerian Population. Study Design: Experts from a range of relevant disciplines, deliberated on different aspects of Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population at a Summit. Place and Duration of Study: The Summit was held in April 2016 at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research. Methodology: Presentations were made on central themes after which expert participants split into four different groups to consider the questions relevant to different sub themes of the title. Consensus was arrived at, from presentations of groups at plenary. Conclusion: With the increase in the prevalence of NCDs, especially Cardiovascular Disease in Nigeria, and the documented evidence of deleterious effects of lipids, the expert panel called for an urgent need to advocate for the general public and health professionals to make heart-friendly

A Review on Gongronema latifolium, an Extremely Useful Plant with Great Prospects | Chapter 11 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 3

Gongronema latifolium is a plant that has a wide range of nutritional and ethnomedical uses in different tropical African communities. Scientific reports on the chemical composition and bioactivity (anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer and allelopathic properties) of the plant material by different authors are discussed in this review. Future prospects of the plant extracts in the areas of herbal formulations, food preservation, alcoholic fermentation and beer production, drug discovery and allelopathy are also highlighted. Author   Details: Olugbenga Morebise Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, All Saints University School of Medicine, Roseau, Commonwealth of Dominica. Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/50/403/433-1 View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/rabr/v3

An Overview of Ultrasonic Technology and Its Applications in Food Processing, Preservation and Quality Control | Chapter 03 | Current Research in Science and Technology Vol. 3

Ultrasound is one of the emerging technologies that were developed to minimize processing, maximize quality and ensure the safety of food products. In recent years, ultrasound technology has been used as an alternative processing option to conventional thermal approaches. Although Ultrasonication methods have been used for years in research and diagnostics, major advances have been made in the last decade. The applications for which high power ultrasound can be used range from existing processes that are enhanced by the retrofitting of high power ultrasonic technology, to the development of processes up to now not possible with conventional energy sources. The present paper reviews the generation, principle mechanism, properties, process parameters, applications, merits and demerits and future trends of the ultrasound technology in the food processing. Author(s) Details Er. Bogala Madhu Department of Processing and Food Engineering, College of Technology and Engineering, MP