Skip to main content

Moringa oleifera: A Powerful Source of Environmentally, Medicinally and Biotechnologically Relevant Compounds | Chapter 06 | Advances in Applied Science and Technology Vol. 5

Moringa oleifera Lamarck (Moringaceae family) is a plant native from the Western and sub-Himalayan parts of Northwest India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This species is widely cultivated across Africa, South-East  Asia,  Arabia,  South  America  and  Caribbean  Islands. M.  oleifera culture  is  also  being distributed  in  the  Semi-Arid  Northeast  of  Brazil.  It  is  a  multiuse  life  tree  with  great  environmental economic  importance in  industrial and medical areas. This review reports  different purposes of M. oleifera including  sustaining  environmental  resources,  soil  protection  and  shelter  for  animals.  This plant requires not much care and distinct parts have bioactive compounds. Moringa tissues used in human and animal diets, also withdraw pollutants from water. The seeds with coagulant properties used  in  water  treatment  for  human  consumption,  remove  waste  products  like  surfactants,  heavy metals and pesticides. The oil extracted from seeds is used in cosmetic production and as biodiesel. M.  oleifera tissues  also  contain  proteins  with  different  biological  activities,  including  lectins,  chitin-binding  proteins,  trypsin  inhibitors,  and  proteases.  The  lectins  are  reported  to  act  as  insecticidal agents  against Aedes  aegypti (vector  of  dengue,  chikungunya  and  yellow  fevers)  and Anagasta kuehniella (pest  of  stored products) and  also  showed  water  coagulant,  antibacterial,  antineoplastic and blood anticoagulant activities. The presence of trypsin inhibitors has been reported in M. oleifera leaves and flowers. The inhibitor from flowers is toxic to larvae of A.  aegypti and to the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. The flowers also contain caseinolytic proteases that are able to promote clotting of milk. In this sense, M. oleifera is a promising tree from a biotechnological point of view, since it has shown a great variety of uses and it is a source of several compounds with a broad range of biological activities.

Author(s) Details

Thiago Henrique Napoleão
Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil.

Andréa F. S. Santos
CEB -Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Braga, 4710-057, Portugal.

Luciana de Andrade Luz
Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo-SP, 04044-020, Brazil.

Emmanuel Viana Pontual
Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife-PE, 52171-900, Brazil.

Patrícia M. G. Paiva
Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil.

Luana C. B. B. Coelho
Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Avenida Prof. Moraes Rego, S/N, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-420, Brazil.

View Volume:


Popular posts from this blog

Consensus Summit: Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population | Chapter 09 | Current Trends in Food Science Vol. 1

Aims: To issue a consensus statement on Lipids and Cardiovascular Health and the impact of their interrelationship in Nigerian Population. Study Design: Experts from a range of relevant disciplines, deliberated on different aspects of Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population at a Summit. Place and Duration of Study: The Summit was held in April 2016 at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research. Methodology: Presentations were made on central themes after which expert participants split into four different groups to consider the questions relevant to different sub themes of the title. Consensus was arrived at, from presentations of groups at plenary. Conclusion: With the increase in the prevalence of NCDs, especially Cardiovascular Disease in Nigeria, and the documented evidence of deleterious effects of lipids, the expert panel called for an urgent need to advocate for the general public and health professionals to make heart-friendly

A Review on Gongronema latifolium, an Extremely Useful Plant with Great Prospects | Chapter 11 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 3

Gongronema latifolium is a plant that has a wide range of nutritional and ethnomedical uses in different tropical African communities. Scientific reports on the chemical composition and bioactivity (anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer and allelopathic properties) of the plant material by different authors are discussed in this review. Future prospects of the plant extracts in the areas of herbal formulations, food preservation, alcoholic fermentation and beer production, drug discovery and allelopathy are also highlighted. Author   Details: Olugbenga Morebise Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, All Saints University School of Medicine, Roseau, Commonwealth of Dominica. Read full article: View Volume:

Dictionary of Medicinal Plants - Scientific Names, Family and Selected Vernacular (English, Sinhala, Sanskrit and Tamil) Names | Book Publisher International

Medicinal plants have been known for centuries and are highly valued all over the world as a rich source of therapeutic agents of medicinal plants for public health care in developing nations [65]. Even today, the WHO estimates that up to 80 percent of the world population still relies mainly on traditional remedies such as herbs for their primary health care [13]. Ahmed et al. mentioned that according to a survey conducted by W.H.O., traditional healers treat 65% patients in Sri Lanka and 80% in India [3]. According to the WHO, around 21,000 plant species have the potential for being used as medicinal plants. Different ethnic and different language speaking peoples are living in Asian countries. Plants are commonly known by their local names in every part of the world. These local names play a very important role in ethno-botanical study of a specific tribe or region. Local names given to plants by indigenous people in their local dialects often reflect a broad spectrum of inf