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Risk Factors for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in New-borns and Infants | Chapter 10 | Current Trends in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 4

Aims: To identify the association between potential risk factors with developmental dysplasia of the hip in neonates.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of the Study: Laboratory of  Lifestyle,  Division  of  Health  Sciences  and Engineering, Campus Celaya Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato Mexico, between June 2014 and February 2015.

Methodology: We include 100 newborns, 36 male and 64 females with age between 4 and 28 days old.  Data  on  birth  weight,  family  history  of  hip  dysplasia,  obstetric  presentation,  mode  of  delivery, swaddling was obtained. The diagnosis of hip dysplasia hip ultrasonography with Graf technique was confirmed. For association Chi  squared and p  value, for the effect was  calculated Odds  Ratio and confidence intervals at 95%.Results:It was found that obstetric presentation and swaddling were associated with developmental dysplasia  of  the  hip  (p  <0.05) with OR  of  5.32  and  4.91  respectively,  and  the  association  was confounded by area of residence with OR adjusted 2.94.

Conclusion: It was conclude that the most important risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip in this population were obstetric presentation and excessive swaddling.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza
School of Medicine, University of Celaya, Mexico.


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