Skip to main content

Investing in Rural Communities of Nigeria for Agricultural Development: A Strategy for Reducing Rural-Urban Youth Migration | Chapter 09 | Advances and Trends in Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2

Rural-urban youth migration is increasing in developing countries, particularly Nigeria. This has resulted in loss of labour for agricultural production. Distress push factors such as lack of rural credit facilities, unemployment and rural poverty are most important contributory factors while demand pull factors such as perception of high wages from urban employment are also dominant. Decline in food production in developing countries such as Nigeria can be linked to the impart of rural-urban youth migration as well as other variable factors such as economic, soil quality, ecology, climatic conditions, socio-cultural setting and poor farm management. Rural-urban youth migration also reduces the rate of agricultural and rural development. Efforts are needed by Nigerian government at all levels in encouraging rural youths to remain in agriculture through adequate provision of physical and social infrastructure as well as creating an enabling environment devoid of insecurity. This will ensure growth of the agricultural sector and increase rural productivity.

Author(s) Details

E. N. Mbah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.

A. J. Attah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

N. E. Amah
Federal College of Animal Heath and Production Technology, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/atias/v2

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Use of the Arrhenius Equation in Kinetic Analyses and Mathematical Modeling of Rate Data Requires the Most Precise, Even Scrupulous, Application and Term Definitions | Chapter 6 | Theory and Applications of Chemistry Vol. 2

This article presents a critical analysis of the frequent practice of using the Arrhenius equation for mathematical modeling of very many physical and chemical rate processes. This approach may also be used to characterize the controls and mechanisms of the rate processes investigated. We also discuss  the  specific  form  of  the Arrhenius-type  equation  as  a  relationship  meriting  detailed investigations. In our opinion, the use of the Arrhenius relationship often can only approximate to the behavior of such systems, exemplified by the systems discussed below, including the work of N N Semenov, A K Galwey, A G Mershanov, etc. We draw attention to "erroneous" experimental designs, including the so-called "global kinetic mechanism" and other widespread uses of theoretical models which do not necessarily represent the real situation. Such limitations in rate data analyses impact negatively throughout this branch of science. Here we attempt to question these ac

A Brief Study of Middleware Technologies: Programming Applications and Management Systems | Chapter 15 | Novel Research Aspects in Mathematical and Computer Science Vol. 1

  Many platforms, services, applications, hardware, and operating systems are connected through the middleware layer. Because the middleware layer abstracts much low-level complexity and makes applications and software systems portable, it allows disparate systems to interface and function together in harmony. Middleware technologies enable software engineers to swiftly construct software systems and applications, allowing developers to focus on more important tasks. This chapter examines several types of middleware systems and discusses middleware capabilities, middleware operation, middleware's function in cloud-based systems, and the best middleware platforms to use. Middleware systems are widely utilised and can be found in practically any software system or application. Middleware programmes provide as a link between many sorts of systems and protocols. They serve as a mechanism for various systems. To successfully exchange information, it runs on a variety of operating system

A Facility-based Assessment of Internalized Stigma among Patients with Severe Mental Illnesses in Maiduguri, North-Eastern Nigeria | Chapter 05 | Emerging Research in Medical Sciences Vol. 3

Introduction: Public stigmatization of mental illnesses might lead to the internalization of the stigma by persons with mental illness (PWMIs) which might also lead to erosion of self-esteem and negative consequences on treatment outcome. This study assessed the prevalence of internalized stigma and analyzed its socio-demographic and clinical predictors among PWMIs in a sub-Saharan African mental health facility. Methods: Patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression (n = 370) were randomly interviewed at the out-patient department of the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri. They completed the sociodemographic and clinical proformata, Oslo social support scale, and an adapted version of the internalized stigma of mental illness scale (ISMI). Results: A total of 83 subjects (22.5%) met the study's criterion score for high internalized stigma. The independent predictors of high internalized stigma were; poor social support (Odds ratio, OR =