Skip to main content

Identification of the Essential Oils from Annona senégalensis Pers. Sous-espèce Oulotricha Le Thomas (Annonaceae) | Chapter 07 | Advances and Trends in Biotechnology and Genetics Vol. 3

Annona senegalensis Pers., Oulotricha Le Thomas subspecies (Annonaceae), is an evergreen shrub that is used for ethnomedicinal purposes and as a source of food. The chemical composition of the essential oils from leaves, stems bark, roots bark, epicarp and mesocarp of these plant, growing in Brazzaville (Congo), were analyzed by CG and CG-MS. These oils essentially contain sesquiterpenic compounds (58.3-97.7%), dominated by oxygenated sesquiterpenes (21.8-88.3%), with elemol (13.2-35.0%), β-and γ-eudesmols (3.7-58.3%) as characteristic components. The essential oils from roots and stems bark is distinguished by its high content in diterpenes (17.1 and 11.9% of the total), while the seeds presents a significant amounts of monoterpene hydrocarbons (25.8%) with α-pinene (6.2%) and β-phellandrene (11.5%) as major components accompanied by two oxygenated monoterpenes : bornyle acetate (4.5%) and smallest of 1,8-cineole. However, in the epicarp oil, the presence of about 5.8% of oxygenated monoterpenes as terpinen-4-ol and bornyle acetate in comparable rates (1.7%) was noted. The mesocarp oil is exclusively rich in aliphatic fatty acids (35.8%) which is absent in the other organs, but represented by lauric acid (18.0%), hexadecanoïc acid (8.6%), myristic acid (7.2%) and oleic acid (2.0%). Results were compared with same species collected in the democratic republic of Congo and in Cameroon essentially dominated by monoterpenes (84.2 and 87.6%).

Author(s) Details

Nkounkou-Loumpangou Célestine
Unit of Chemistry of Plant and of the Life, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marien Ngouabi University, B.P. 69, Brazzaville, Congo.

Gouollaly Tsiba1, Mahmout Yaya
Laboratory of Chemistry of Natural Substances, Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences, University of N'Djamena, BP 1117, N'Djamena, Chad.

Elouma Ndinga Arnold Murphy
Unit of Chemistry of Plant and of the Life, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marien Ngouabi University, B.P. 69, Brazzaville, Congo.

Ouamba Jean-Maurille
Unit of Chemistry of Plant and of the Life, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marien Ngouabi University, B.P. 69, Brazzaville, Congo.

Chalchat Jean Claude
Heterocycle Chemistry Laboratory, Carbohydrate Chemistry, Essential Oil Chemistry, Blaise Pascal University. 4, avenue des Landais, Campus des Cézeaux, 63177, Aubière, France.

Figuérédo Gilles
Laboratory of Analysis of Plant Extracts and Flavors, Blaise Pascal University, 4, avenue des Landais, Campus des Cézeaux, 63177, Aubière, France.


Popular posts from this blog

Empowerment and Leader Member Exchange towards Organizational Citizenship Behavior Readiness among Government Workforce in Malaysia | Book Publisher International

  State agencies are among the most significant entities that represent the public's needs, and their programmes are essential to a state's and the nation's economic growth and development. State agencies have been rife by public concerns for years, as demonstrated by the Public Complaints Bureau, as problems of inefficiency in service quality and delivery have yet to meet the public's standards. With the support of 15 employees from state agencies on Malaysia's east coast, this study aims to achieve three targets. The first and second objectives are to investigate the ties between leader-member exchange (LMX) and OCB empowerment. The final aim is to define the most significant factors that affect OCB willingness. A total of 288 people took part in the survey, which was conducted using a cluster sampling process. The survey items had achieved the necessary reliability, according to the pilot test results, and some sub-dimensions were renamed after factor analysis.

Re-asserting Cultural Perspectives: Old People and New Ideas in Bole Butake’s Lake God and The Survivors and Sankie Maimo’s Succession in Sarkov | Chapter 10 | Perspectives of Arts and Social Studies Vol. 2

African cultures have undergone transformations from the colonial period to the present, often to the detriment of its cultural evolution and within the larger global community. As it were, colonial education subordinated African communalism and created in its place an anti-African spirit evident in the assimilation of western values. This did not only end up in a kind of cultural betrayal, but also posed as a serious threat to the dignity and identity of the people. Those who fall prey to this kind of cultural imperialism are the young people who are often irrationally carried away by western fashion and modes that they tend to neglect and/or forget their cultural ways of life as they join the race of “progress.” This situation has given rise to a conscious effort by creative writers to re-assert and protect African values while at the same time liberating themselves from the longstanding western effort at suppressing, controlling and dominating their thoughts particularly through n

The Utilization of Agro-Waste: A Nanobiotechnology Point of View | Chapter 10 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 5

Aims: To review the utilization of agro-waste in the eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles and their biomedical, catalytic and industrial applications. Study Design: A review. Place and Duration of Study: This review was carried out in the interim of three weeks exploiting all relevant data, literature and publications where necessary. Methodology: Profound gathering of literatures/publications and reviews were employed with all carefulness and professional courtesy; enough useful information were gathered over time. The introduction emphasizes the dawn of science and technology, when great ideas were still latent later leading to the advent of history changing innovations like the completion of human genome and then the birth of nanotechnology. Although, nanotechnology had been known decades been popularized by Richard Feynman in his talks in the year 1959; and in this present dispensation, nanotechnology has been a solution to many intricate challenges/ t