Skip to main content

Adoption of Bio and Organic Amendments: A New Perspective in Crop Protection | Chapter 03 | Advances and Trends in Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3

Crop loss due to pest attack occurs regardless of the fact that a large quantity of pesticides is used annually. Use of chemical pesticides not only destroy the beneficial enemies but also alter the physiology of crop making more susceptible to pest attack. This chapter focuses on the scope and strategies of crop protection using bio-organic amendments with special reference to infestation of major pests, foliar disease and leaf productivity of mulberry. Massive utilization of inorganic fertilizers for a prolonged period leads to alteration of the soil chemical properties, the availability and uptake of nutrients by the plants. Several studies found that under water stress conditions, crops in organic agriculture systems produce significantly higher yields than comparable with other conventional crops using inorganic package and practices. Researchers have established that increase nitrogen levels in the tissues of the plants may decrease resistance and increase susceptibility to pest attacks. Although clarity is needed to establish the relationship between crop nutrition and pests, most studies have shown that insect pests like aphids and mites are more prone to nitrogen fertilizers. With relevant to above fact adoption of organic package and practices is needed for sustainable yield of crops as well as to provide exact nutrient requirements to the crop those prone to pest attack.

Author(s) Details

Barna Chakraborty
Department of Zoology, DDE, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore-721102, India.

View Volume: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/130

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Consensus Summit: Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population | Chapter 09 | Current Trends in Food Science Vol. 1

Aims: To issue a consensus statement on Lipids and Cardiovascular Health and the impact of their interrelationship in Nigerian Population. Study Design: Experts from a range of relevant disciplines, deliberated on different aspects of Lipids and Cardiovascular Health in the Nigerian Population at a Summit. Place and Duration of Study: The Summit was held in April 2016 at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research. Methodology: Presentations were made on central themes after which expert participants split into four different groups to consider the questions relevant to different sub themes of the title. Consensus was arrived at, from presentations of groups at plenary. Conclusion: With the increase in the prevalence of NCDs, especially Cardiovascular Disease in Nigeria, and the documented evidence of deleterious effects of lipids, the expert panel called for an urgent need to advocate for the general public and health professionals to make heart-friendly

A Review on Gongronema latifolium, an Extremely Useful Plant with Great Prospects | Chapter 11 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 3

Gongronema latifolium is a plant that has a wide range of nutritional and ethnomedical uses in different tropical African communities. Scientific reports on the chemical composition and bioactivity (anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer and allelopathic properties) of the plant material by different authors are discussed in this review. Future prospects of the plant extracts in the areas of herbal formulations, food preservation, alcoholic fermentation and beer production, drug discovery and allelopathy are also highlighted. Author   Details: Olugbenga Morebise Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, All Saints University School of Medicine, Roseau, Commonwealth of Dominica. Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/50/403/433-1 View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/rabr/v3

An Overview of Ultrasonic Technology and Its Applications in Food Processing, Preservation and Quality Control | Chapter 03 | Current Research in Science and Technology Vol. 3

Ultrasound is one of the emerging technologies that were developed to minimize processing, maximize quality and ensure the safety of food products. In recent years, ultrasound technology has been used as an alternative processing option to conventional thermal approaches. Although Ultrasonication methods have been used for years in research and diagnostics, major advances have been made in the last decade. The applications for which high power ultrasound can be used range from existing processes that are enhanced by the retrofitting of high power ultrasonic technology, to the development of processes up to now not possible with conventional energy sources. The present paper reviews the generation, principle mechanism, properties, process parameters, applications, merits and demerits and future trends of the ultrasound technology in the food processing. Author(s) Details Er. Bogala Madhu Department of Processing and Food Engineering, College of Technology and Engineering, MP