Skip to main content

Prevalence of Clinically Concealed Prostatic Diseases at Post Mortem: A Teaching Hospital Experience in South-South, Nigeria | Chapter 03 | Innovations in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 1


Background: Most post-mortem studies on prostate gland are limited to malignant prostatic tumours. The possibilities of finding other histological types of prostatic diseases were worth exploring bearing in mind that Nodular hyperplasia and cancer are of epidemiological importance.

Aim: This study aims to determine the pattern of prostatic diseases at post-mortem among individuals not previously diagnosed with prostate disease and who died from other causes.

Materials and Methods: Prostate glands at post-mortem were obtained from individuals who died from non-prostate related causes, weighed, fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin, processed and histologically analysed. Biodata and clinical diagnoses were obtained using clinical case notes and post-mortem register.

Results: The population under study were 86 adult males whose ages ranged from 30 to 85 years with a mean age of 52.71 ± 13.10 years. Ninety-three percent (93% / 80 cases) of the study population were afflicted with prostatic diseases at post-mortem. The most common lesion was nodular hyperplasia. Latent or occult adenocarcinoma followed this, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and Schistosomiasis in decreasing order of frequency. The frequency of occult adenocarcinoma, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and nodular hyperplasia increased significantly with age (P ≤ 0.05). The peak age for the development of occult adenocarcinoma, PIN and nodular hyperplasia was in the 6th, 8th and 6th decades respectively.

Conclusion: Clinically concealed prostatic diseases are common findings at post-mortem. There is a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in the frequency of covert prostatic diseases (nodular hyperplasia, PIN and adenocarcinoma) with advancing age. Convert prostatic diseases especially nodular hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma have the potentials of contributing significantly to the burden of health care and the cost of receiving treatment if the life expectancy improves in our environment in particular and Nigeria in general.

Author(s) Details

E. Imasogie Dele
Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

T. Azeke Akhator
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Empowerment and Leader Member Exchange towards Organizational Citizenship Behavior Readiness among Government Workforce in Malaysia | Book Publisher International

  State agencies are among the most significant entities that represent the public's needs, and their programmes are essential to a state's and the nation's economic growth and development. State agencies have been rife by public concerns for years, as demonstrated by the Public Complaints Bureau, as problems of inefficiency in service quality and delivery have yet to meet the public's standards. With the support of 15 employees from state agencies on Malaysia's east coast, this study aims to achieve three targets. The first and second objectives are to investigate the ties between leader-member exchange (LMX) and OCB empowerment. The final aim is to define the most significant factors that affect OCB willingness. A total of 288 people took part in the survey, which was conducted using a cluster sampling process. The survey items had achieved the necessary reliability, according to the pilot test results, and some sub-dimensions were renamed after factor analysis.

The Utilization of Agro-Waste: A Nanobiotechnology Point of View | Chapter 10 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 5

Aims: To review the utilization of agro-waste in the eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles and their biomedical, catalytic and industrial applications. Study Design: A review. Place and Duration of Study: This review was carried out in the interim of three weeks exploiting all relevant data, literature and publications where necessary. Methodology: Profound gathering of literatures/publications and reviews were employed with all carefulness and professional courtesy; enough useful information were gathered over time. The introduction emphasizes the dawn of science and technology, when great ideas were still latent later leading to the advent of history changing innovations like the completion of human genome and then the birth of nanotechnology. Although, nanotechnology had been known decades been popularized by Richard Feynman in his talks in the year 1959; and in this present dispensation, nanotechnology has been a solution to many intricate challenges/ t

Re-asserting Cultural Perspectives: Old People and New Ideas in Bole Butake’s Lake God and The Survivors and Sankie Maimo’s Succession in Sarkov | Chapter 10 | Perspectives of Arts and Social Studies Vol. 2

African cultures have undergone transformations from the colonial period to the present, often to the detriment of its cultural evolution and within the larger global community. As it were, colonial education subordinated African communalism and created in its place an anti-African spirit evident in the assimilation of western values. This did not only end up in a kind of cultural betrayal, but also posed as a serious threat to the dignity and identity of the people. Those who fall prey to this kind of cultural imperialism are the young people who are often irrationally carried away by western fashion and modes that they tend to neglect and/or forget their cultural ways of life as they join the race of “progress.” This situation has given rise to a conscious effort by creative writers to re-assert and protect African values while at the same time liberating themselves from the longstanding western effort at suppressing, controlling and dominating their thoughts particularly through n